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Significant Properties of Sodium Hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide is an important industrial chemical. It is used in making soap and detergent, household cleaning agents, paper and textiles. The pure form of this inorganic base occurs as a solid white which is generally available in granules, flakes or pellets. It may also be in various concentrations in aqueous solution.

It has a NaOH chemical formula and is a base commonly used in chemical laboratories. The pure compound is water-loving and chemists call it a hygroscopic substance. It is also easy to react with carbon dioxide, which is an anhydride of acid, forming basic salts called sodium carbonate. You can buy sodium hydroxide on for various purpose.

Because of its reactivity, compounds are often sealed in airtight containers. It dissolves in water to form a solution that evolved heat. This heat liberation may be enough to turn on combustible or flammable material nearby. The compound is known to be ionic, dissociating completely into sodium cations and hydroxide anions in aqueous solutions.

However, these ions are also present when salt (NaCl), which is also an ionic substance, is dissolved in water. It is known popularly in basic chemistry that this compound reacts with hydrochloric acid to form sodium chloride or table salt. This popular neutralization reaction can be written as NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) ' NaCl(aq) + H2O(l).